PCOSCO: Comorbidities in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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Health

PCOS, or Polycystic ovary syndrome, is a medical condition in which the ovaries in the female human body produce varying androgens. PCOS is defined as several amounts of small cysts, also called fluid-filled sacs, formed in the ovaries. Yet, some women with PCOS do not experience such cysts, whereas others without such disorders have such cysts.

The root cause of PCOS isn’t clear to anyone yet, and it may be because of some genetic reasons. Most women with PCOS also experience insulin resistance, which indicates that the body cannot use insulin well. Insulin levels increase in the body and may cause higher androgen levels. In addition, obesity can also be one of the causes of rising insulin levels which hurts PCOS.

Some common symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Increase in weight, particularly around the abdomen
  • Male-pattern baldness
  • Thinning hair
  • Frequent acne or oily skin
  • Infertility 

Moving on, if we focus on the treatment area for Polycystic ovary syndrome, the treatment rest on various factors like how severe the symptoms are, age, and overall health of an individual. Several techniques can be used to treat them:

Changing your diet or activity

Changing your diet or activity

Increasing your physical activity and opting for a healthy diet can help you in losing weight and, ultimately, your symptoms. This change can also enable your body to use insulin efficiently and reduce glucose levels in your blood.

Medication for diabetes

This step is often used to reduce insulin resistance in PCOS. It can also help lower androgen levels and slow hair growth.

Limit carbohydrates intake

Limit carbohydrates intake

A high amount of carbohydrates makes your insulin levels higher. Consult your doctor about how a low-carbohydrate diet can help in reducing PCOS. Moreover, opt for complex carbohydrates that increase blood sugar levels at a slower pace. The complexed ones are commonly found in vegetables, fruits, cooked dry peas & beans, and whole grains.

In conclusion, women with PCOS are expected to have serious health issues, and these may include high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, problems with blood vessels and heart, and in some cases, even uterine cancer. These health problems are common for women with PCOS, along with fertility issues.

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